Django

Django, based on a web application framework of the same name. Like the framework published in 2005, the content management system was developed with the programming language Python, allowing access to a large number of libraries.
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Django, based on a web application framework of the same name. Like the framework published in 2005, the content management system was developed with the programming language Python, allowing access to a large number of libraries. With the Django CMS, it is possible to automatically access the tools and extensions developed around the framework.

 

what is django?

 

What is Django Hosting?

 

Django is an open-source web development framework for the Python programming language that web hosting companies install as part of the LAMP stack in their Apache server settings. Django not only provides advanced peer-review security for web and mobile app development but also accelerates the overall process by providing the necessary web page authoring components. Django simplifies the web development layer on top of Python code and offers a variety of options for variable output integration.

 

Django is free and open-source for use in commercial or non-commercial web publishing apps. Django is the most popular Python development framework, with extensive support from millions of programmers. Some shared Linux hosts are on the platform Python.

 

It provides pre-installed integrated Django tools with extensions, but VPS is a better option for Django for most Python developers.

 

In short,

 

Django is an open source licensed web framework for developing web applications, written in Python language, following the "Model-Template-View" paradigm.

 

The project is developed by the "Django Software Foundation" (DSF), an independent non-profit organization. It was initially conceived to operate several news sites for the World Company of Lawrence (Kansas), and released under a BSD license in July 2005.

 

Some well-known sites that use this framework are currently Pinterest, Instagram, Mozilla, The Washington Times, Public Broadcasting Service, Bitbucket, NASA.

 

Introduction and features 

 

Django was used internally for some time before it was released publicly. It was developed by Adrian Holovaty , Simon Willison, Jacob Kaplan-Moss and Wilson Miner while working at the World Company, for the management of three news sites: The Lawrence Journal-World,lawrence.com and KUsports.com. It was named Django in homage to jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt.

 

Django's orientation in managing news sites is evident from its design, as it provides a number of features that facilitate the rapid development of web content management applications. For example, instead of requiring developers to build controller and view For the administration areas of a site, Django provides an integrated content administration solution which can be included as part of any Django based site and which can manage many sites with a single installation. The administration application allows you to create, update and delete content represented by objects by keeping track of all operations performed and provides an interface for managing users and user groups (including permissions management).

 

The main distribution of Django comes with applications that provide a comment system, functionality for creating RSS and/or Atom feeds, "simple pages" that allow them to be managed without having to write a dedicated controller or view, and URL redirection.

 

Other features included:


  • Abstraction of the object relational database.


  • Ability to install features through plugins.


  • Robust API for database management.


  • System of "generic views" that avoid repetitive code writing for certain common cases.


  • System template based on tags with inheritance template.


  • Regular expression based URL handler.


  • "Middleware" system for the development of additional functions; for example, middleware components that provide caching, output compression, output normalization, CSRF protection, and session support are included in the main Django distribution.


  • Localization support, including administrative interface translations, in many languages.


  • Including documentation accessible from the administrative interface (including documentation automatically generated by templates and template libraries added by applications).


  • User management system and their authentication in the web application.


  • System for creating and validating HTML forms.

 

While Django is heavily influenced by the Model-View-Controller development philosophy, its developers publicly state that they don't feel compelled to follow a particular development paradigm, preferring to simply "what feels right". As a result, for example, what would be called "controller" in a classic MVC framework in Django is called " view " while what should be called "view" is called "template".

 

Server Support 

 

Django can be used with Apache, nginx using WSGI support, or Cherokee using the Python "flup" module. It can also use a FastCGI server, for example Lighttpd or Hiawatha. It can also be used with any other standard WSGI server. 

 

Django fully and cross-platform supports four types of databases: PostgreSQL, MySQL, SQLite and Oracle. Microsoft SQL Server can only be used in a Windows environment, while similar external backends exist for IBM DB2, SQL Anywhere and Firebird SQL. There is also a fork called django-nonrel which supports NoSQL databases, such as MongoDB and the Google App Engine datastore.

 

Django can also be used in conjunction with Python with any Java EE application server, such as GlassFish or JBoss.

 

Google App Engine provides support for Django in version 1.xx as one of the integrated frameworks.

 

Get the website of your dreams with Django CMS

 

The Django CMS has recently established itself on the open-source CMS scene. If the program is so complex, this is primarily due to its close connection with the Framework, which was already so from the beginning. Django approaches the Ruby Framework. Both are characterized by intermingled codes. A Django programmer must therefore write half the code of a PHP programmer, for example. The Django CMS scores points, in particular with the following properties:


  • The modular structure of pages, content based on pre-designed blocks

  • Frontend codes to optimize bandwidth and load speed

  • Easy integration and development of new plug-ins

  • Intuitive and user-friendly interface, the drag-and-drop function

  • data from complex sources is relatively easy to integrate

 

The properties of the Django CMS explain what makes this content management system so interesting for developers and publishers alike. You can move the different content in blocks in a very easy way, whether it is texts, photos, videos, or forms. If desired, the system automatically creates a tree structure in the menus. You can work on these blocks in the Backend, but also directly in the Frontend. This has the advantage of being able to exchange elements, integrate new ones, or delete them from an already active website. 

 

Some types of various content such as blogs, FAQs (frequently asked questions), and job offers are predefined so that all you have to do is add your data. Apart from the standard block types, you will find them on Django CMS Marketplace and on GitHub hundreds of other website elements. These content extensions are in the case of the Django CMS called Templates, plug-ins, or add-ons and you can download them for free and then integrate them into your project. You can test and combine specific elements of your website and go back at any time. You will quickly see the time savings obtained with these prefabricated modules when creating your Web project.

 

If you are missing a function and have sufficient knowledge of Python, you can create your own extensions. The basic framework is very useful for this: Django takes care of the communication with the database and automatically creates administration bars and forms for your own data. In addition, you can use the many Django applications available.

 

Django features at a glance

 

Like many open-source programs, the Django CMS draws its strength from its versatility, which is all the more important thanks to the wide choice of add-ons allowing to obtain new functions. Apart from these extensions, the system presents by itself additional Templates to download, extending the range of functionalities:

 

Double-click edit function: you can open a pop-up window allowing you to edit text, image, button, or other types of content with a single double-click.

 

Frontend processing: it is also possible to edit all the content blocks used directly from the Frontend.

 

Reusable plug-ins: Django CMS extensions can be used in different areas of your website.

 

Multisites: allows the management of several websites on the administrator interface.

 

Flexible architecture: all elements can be positioned freely.

 

Rights management: specific information relating to the rights of each user.

 

Version management: all changes to the project are saved and you can simply go back to find content in its old form.

 

Multilingual: all pages and content can be presented in different languages. Rules can be set so that the computer knows what content to display if the target language is not available.

 

Media management: the different types of media can be easily managed (Images, PDFs, videos, etc.).

 

What possibilities does the Django CMS offer for SEO, e-commerce, etc.?

 

With the Django CMS, the search engine optimization aspect is not taken lightly. You can thus associate each page of your site with a title, description, and URL individually and independently of the menu titles in order to optimize their web referencing. There is also a whole series of extensions, such as for example djangocms-page-meta. The Template also makes it possible to display Facebook snippets (Open Graph) or Twitter Cards on search engine results pages.

 

Compared to other content management systems, you cannot operate online stores with Django. However, there is a solution with the standalone e-commerce software Django-shop, which also uses the Django Framework and which therefore represents the perfect alternative to the Django CMS.

 

Other useful Django CMS templates:

 

djangocms-blog: blogging software - multilingual function

Aldryn MailChimp: Plug-in linking the Django CMS with the MailChimp newsletter software

Aldryn Video: elegant extension for integrating videos

cmsplugin_facebook: integrates Facebook functionalities such as the “like”.

 

Advantages of web development with Django, why use Django?

 

Why use Django and Python for web development?

 

Django is the most popular Python framework for developing web applications. For a framework, however, it is not enough to be pleasant to use, although this is important.

What is mainly sought in a tool of this type are significant and concrete advantages in terms of time and ease of development.

 

Advantages

 

Everything seems to be in its place: in large projects, it is not difficult to get "messed up". But Django, according to the Python philosophy, helps (sometimes forces) to be sorted. Everything must be in its place and for this reason, moving through the project code becomes a simple action. Can the same be said with PHP?

 

Free and open-source: this means basing your software on platforms not bound by third-party contracts. Surely, for a developer like you, this is a fundamental thing.

 

More time for development and optimization: all or all aspects of web development are automated: login sessions, sitemaps, URLs patterns, form validation everything is handled in a very simple way.

 

Do a lot in a short time: once you learn the basics you can develop your software much faster than traditional web development with Java or PHP.

 

Security: Are you passionate about programming and software development but are you a little less interested in IT security? No problem, thanks to the automation and simplicity of Django everything is managed in a simple and safe way, the login sessions and the ORM are an example.

 

Batteries Included: Referencing the spirit of Python, Django comes with "Batteries Included". What does it mean? That Django includes everything you need to make a website: HTML templates, ORM for databases, management of login sessions, a control panel, and much more.

 

ORM for databases: Do you know SQL? You can forget it. Django uses a much simpler system. Everything becomes an object (class) and the various columns are represented by the properties of the class. Each record will therefore be an instance of an object, defined precisely as a class. It only takes a few minutes to learn this system and make your life easier forever.

 

Python: Programming with Python is a pleasure and being able to rely on all its modules and libraries is an important advantage. Try comparing for example the APIs of the same library in the Python version and in the Java or PHP version.

 

Obviously, these are just some of the advantages, and are the most convincing.

 

For you, the important things could be other, so why not try to see how Django fares in the aspects that you consider most critical?

Now it's time to list the reasons why you might not like Django.

 

Disadvantages

 

In the beginning it is difficult: as we have seen at the beginning of tutorials and guides there are many, even in Italian. Despite this, however, we often find ourselves looking on Google how to do a certain thing. This happens because to start using Django fully you need to know how the whole system works and understand how things work. However, it must be said that the official Django documentation is really clear and simple (among the simplest on the web in everyones opinion).

 

Fragmented Versions: Did you find a guide from 2014 or 2015? If you are using a more recent version of Django it may come in handy but surely something has changed. A great fragmentation between software versions results in a great fragmentation of the guides on it. 

 

Server Deploy and Price: Do you want to put a PHP site into production? Upload the files via FTP, upload the database and that's it. That's not how it works with Django. Although there are sites dedicated to putting Django sites into production, their price makes them very inexpensive. It is more convenient to buy a VPS (a remote server with a public IP, Aruba for example provides it for €1 per month), install Apache, and upload and configure our Django project. 

 

Conclusion: huge development potential for the Django CMS

 

The Django CMS provides you with excellent tools, with which you can not only create a website but also develop stand-alone applications. Functional pages can largely be automated, and elements can be changed on a case-by-case basis by double-clicking and drag-and-drop. Thanks to the many and different extensions, always more numerous thanks to the large community, you can carry out ambitious projects yourself. The Django CMS is all the more suitable for small and medium-sized business sites, which do not require external assistance for each technological innovation.

 

On the official Django CMS website, you can download the latest version of the content management system or the latest trial version. You can also find sample web pages where you can try out Django CMS features via "edit": changes are displayed after a short load time. To install the open-source system, the following components are required:


  • Python

  • Django (Framework)

  • PostgreSQL or MySQL

  • html5lib (Python Library)